By K. H. Ginzel, MD, Gert S. Maritz, PhD, David F. Marks, PhD, Manfred Neuberger, MD, Jim R. Pauly, PhD, John R. Polito, JD, Rolf Schulte-Hermann, PhD, Theodore A. Slotkin, PhD
For more than 20 years 'Nicotine Replacement Therapy' (NRT) for smoking
cessation has been expanding with more forms of application and new indications
for use. However, the evidence shows that long-term success has been weak or
altogether absent with high levels of relapse to smoking. Indefinite continuing
use of NRT has been deemed preferable to continued smoking. Last year, the
National Health Service in the UK extended the use of NRT to pregnancy, to
children from age twelve, and advocated NRT use even while still smoking.
Similar trends are discernible in the US and Europe. In light of this growing
emphasis on NRT, nicotine had to be made palatable by playing down or even
denying its toxicity and declaring it "as innocent as caffeine."
This Critical Review, published in the Journal of Health Psychology takes
issue with the grave risk of this irresponsible policy especially for the newly
added target population. Nicotine interacts with the very basic functions of the
peripheral and central nervous system, i.e., the nerves supplying organs and
tissues of the body and the vital command stations in the brain. When these
systems are formed during fetal life, nicotine from the mother exposed to
smoking, secondhand smoke, or NRT can critically impair their normal
Perinatal nicotine exposure has been implicated in 'Sudden Infant Death
Syndrome' (SIDS), in 'Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder' (ADHD), in
affective and behavioral problems, cognitive and learning deficits, depression
and nicotine addiction in adolescence.
In the amounts ingested from smoking or NRT, nicotine also plays a prominent
role in tobacco-related carcinogenesis, in the incidence of cardiovascular
disease, pulmonary emphysema, kidney disease, stomach and duodenal ulcers, and
Tobacco control must be nicotine control. Without nicotine control, nicotine
addiction and nicotine's multifarious impact on the user would persist and
spread at the peril of the unborn, the next generation, and public health in
Nicotine Fix - Behind Antismoking Policy, Influence of Drug Industry - A February 8, 2007 front page article in the Wall Street Journal by Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Kevin Helliker reviews how NRT has not proven effective in real-world use yet leadership at the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality is allowing a number of experts with financial ties to pharamaceutical industry smoking cessation products to hold positions on an expert panel that is currently engaged in rewriting U.S. cessation policy, including the panel's chairman.
Read both. Use knowledge to demolish quitting anxieties!
Learn More About Smart Turkey Quitting
WhyQuit.com - WhyQuit is the Internet's oldest forum devoted to the art, science and psychology of cold turkey quitting, the stop smoking method used by the vast majority of all successful long-term ex-smokers. Left to right, WhyQuit is organized under three headings: (1) Motivation, (2) Education and (3) Support.
"Never Take Another Puff" - Imagine a free 149 page stop smoking ebook that's registered more than 4 million downloads and was written by a man who has devoted 40 years, full-time to helping smokers quit. Never Take Another Puff (NTAP) was authored by Joel Spitzer, the Internet's leading authority on how to stop smoking cold turkey. It is an insightful collection of almost 100 articles on every cessation topic imaginable.
"Freedom from Nicotine - The Journey Home" - Written by John R. Polito, a former 30-year heavy smoker and WhyQuit's 1999 founder, Freedom from Nicotine (FFN) is a free nicotine dependency recovery book that documents the science underlying nicotine dependency and successful cessation. Whether hooked on cigarettes, e-cigarettes (e-cigs), bidis, kreteks, a pipe, hookah or cigars, on dip, chew, snuff or snus, or on the nicotine gum, lozenge, spray, inhaler or patch, FFN provides a comprehensive yet easy to follow road-map to freedom from nicotine.
Turkeyville - Visit Turkeyville, Facebook's most popular quit smoking support group. The group's primary focus is the first few days and helping new quitters get started. Yes you can!
Joel's Library - Joel's Library is home to Joel Spitzer's "Daily Quitting Lesson Guide." The Guide walks new quitters through the first two weeks of smoking cessation, recommending daily videos to watch and articles to read. Joel's Library is also home to more than 100 original short stop smoking articles, to his free ebook Never Take Another Puff, and to his collection of more than 200 video stop smoking lessons.
Freedom - Looking for a deadly serious and highly focused education oriented support group? Home to Joel Spitzer, Freedom is the Internet's only 100% nicotine-free peer messageboard support forum. Explore Freedom's hundreds of thousands of archived member posts on how to quit smoking.
Nicotine Cessation Topic Index - An alphabetical subject matter index to hundreds of nicotine cessation support group discussions, article and videos.
40 Quitting Tips - Key cold turkey nicotine cessation tips on how to stop smoking, vaping, chewing or sucking nicotine into your body and bloodstream.
Knowledge is a Quitting Method
Written February 18, 2007 and last updated December 26, 2013 last updated December 27, 2013 by John R. Polito